|Cyr property, tour goers looking at a c-can with a bear proof door|
|Electrified panel fence|
Sites toured included Clarence and Helen Cyr (C-cans and electricity), Don and Joyce Taylor (electric fencing), Willy Dunbar (electric fencing), Berny and Beryl Zoratti (bear proofed grain bins and hopper), and BrunoYagos (electricity and C-can solutions).
|Electric fencing at the Cyr property|
Electric fencing has long been used to to keep animals in or out of certain areas. The electricity for the fences can run on solar power, or 110 volt electrical power. The wire used can either be high tensile or stranded wire. 3D fencing is running a secondary parallel fence around the perimeter of the first fence discouraging animals like elk and deer from jumping over a single fence. Visually it adds a barrier that has the animals considering not only how high they can jump but a mixture of how high, and how far. Some are now mixing electric fencing with what is called 3D fencing. When mixed with electric fences this keeps out both the predators and elk from having access to grain or silage bags. One innovative farm family are now electrifying mobile chicken coops. The chickens can range within the cage, yet carnivores cannot get to the birds.
|Electrified mobile chicken coop|
|Electrified trailer for food storage|
One of the biggest things that attract carnivores is possible food sources. The Biosphere works to identify issues and find a way of eliminating or containing attractants, so carnivores are not rewarded with food. Grain bins and their doors, cement pads, hopper bottom bin designs, C-can shipping containers have all been used as options to keep bears out of food bins. The standard bin doors can be torn off by a determined bear, and once they learn how, they then recognize the bins as a food source. Some bears will pound on the bins until the joint weakens and the grain comes out. Other containment solutions include deadstock containers and bear proof garbage bins. Trail cameras do not act as a deterrent, but do help with knowing what animals are in the area, and they provide evidence for claims.
Bectell said the Waterton Biosphere Reserve works within the County of Cardston, the MD of Pincher Creek #9, the MD of Ranchlands, and into the MD of Willow Creek. To date if a project has been brought to the group for consideration within the area they have been able to partner with the landowner to work toward a solution if they have a history of predators on their land.
|Dr. Andrea Morehouse|
|Twin Butte Hall|
|Mac Main: 18 head gone missing or found dead this season|